Transfer from Malaga Airport to Granada Autosexi | Granada History
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Granada History – Actually
Granada has been chosen by netizens as the most beautiful city in Spain, and as the Mexican diplomat and poet Francisco de Asís de Icaza and Beña once said: “Give alms to the woman who is nothing worse in life than the penalty Being blind in Granada”, Granada is an Andalusian city, capital of the province of the same name, at the foot of Sierra Nevada, the highest massif of the Iberian peninsula, and an hour and fifteen minutes from the Pablo Picasso International Airport of Malaga, if Well it has its own airport (Federico Garcia Lorca), twenty minutes from the city center. Granada Currently has a population of approximately 235,000 inhabitants.
As capital of province and with a significant weight in the History of Spain, the symbol of Granada appears in the inferior part of the shield of Spain like capital of the Nazarí Kingdom that was, it is soothes of a long list of Public Administrations of the Andalusian Autonomous Community, Some shared with Malaga and Seville.
Granada History – Oldest Remains, Carthaginians and Romans
The oldest remains that have been found in the municipality of Granada have been dated to the mid-7th century BC corresponding to rooms belonging to an Iberian oppidum called Ilturir.
About the fourth to third centuries BC, it was known as Iliberri and was included in the area controlled by Bastetans, and from a more economic than military perspective, by the Carthaginians.
After the fall of Carthage in the second Punic war the Romans were left with the control of the settlements, which were Christianized by the martyr San Cecilio (patron of the city, whose remains, considered relics are found in the catacombs of the Sacromonte Abbey together With those of another Saint, St. John of God), a direct disciple of the Apostle James.
Granada History – Islamic Era
The most important time for the city was from the year 1,013 which is officially the date of its foundation by Madinar Garnataen, having celebrated in the year one thousand one thousand years of the city, being the Zirí dynasty the first to officially inhabit the zone That today occupies the city of Granada and leaving Medina Elvira to the northwest of the city, later there was a stage of Berber dominion and finally the one of greater splendor within the time of Al-Andalus, the Nazary Kingdom that raised the palatine city of the Alhambra from a first fortress, ending this stage and the Muslim era with the Recon quest in 1492 of the city by the Catholic Monarchs (Isabel and Fernando) who are buried in the Royal Chapel of the Cathedral of Granada, after the Surrender of the last king of the Nasrid dynasty, Boabdil el Chico, who sighed: “Alas! Granada mine”, in the mountain port (865 meters above sea level) that today is called “El Suspiro del Moro”, south of Granada, and her mother replied: “Cry as a woman what you did not know how to defend as man”. That same year also, they were granted by Queen Isabel the caravels to Christopher Columbus to leave towards the west looking for a route to arrive at the Indies, and giving rise to the discovery of America, existing a statue commemorating the historical fact in the A source in which two of the main roads of the city, La Gran Vía de Colón and Catholic Kings street.
Granada History – Catholic Monarchs
Later the grandson of the Catholic Monarchs, Emperor Charles I of Spain and V of Germany, founded the prestigious University of Granada, now the fourth most important regarding number of students in Spain, which gives Youth to the city thanks to the hundreds of university students who come to study the emperor also had his palace built in the Renaissance style in the middle of the Alhambra, today with free admission for the public who wants to visit.
Granada History – Places to visit with AutoSexi Transfers in Granada
- The Alhambra: The most visited monument in Spain, it is a palatine city located on the hill of the same name. It consists of a series of Nasrid palaces, gardens (the Generalife), military fortresses, after the recon quest the Renaissance palace of Charles V was built. It’s appeal to architecture, history and mysticism of the place lies in the marble and plaster decorations of the interiors. There are all kinds of visits throughout the year, even at night.
- The Holy Metropolitan Cathedral of the Incarnation of Granada or simply Cathedral of Granada is the largest Catholic temple of the archdiocese of Granada. The building is Renaissance style, since after the Recon quest Carlos V carried out several works in the city of Granada, including the Palace that bears his name in the Alhambra, since the emperor had the desire to make this city the example of sixteenth century city.Although the first project of 1,506 by Enrique Egás was thought of a temple of Gothic art, but due to the long time that the construction of such a large work entailed from 1523, Diego de Siloé was responsible for the work given to him on the basis Gothic its renaissance character, of five ships and combining more elements of other architectural orders. However, as ambitious project, with the arrival to the power of the son of Carlos V, Felipe II, and its change of policy the works stagnated until 1.664 when Alonso Cano, already in more Baroque era finished the facade, but by economic problems the work Remained unfinished until today, missing the highest part of the only one of the two towers that the temple should have had.
- Royal Chapel: it is a chapel contiguous to the cathedral but with access by another door, in which are buried the Catholic Kings (Isabel I of Castile and Fernando II of Aragon), Christian Reconquerors of the city in 1492, together with their daughter Juana La Loca and her husband Felipe the Beautiful, and other infants of the time. Also in the complex you can also visit the Sacristy-Museum, where we can see part of the legacy of the Catholic Monarchs. Highlighting the gallery of Spanish, & Italian paintings including Prayer in the Garden of Botticelli, flamenco, goldsmiths and weapons of the Kings such as scepters, swords and banners.
- Corral del Carbon: this is the only Nasrid gherkin that is preserved in the whole of Spain, being an alhóndiga the establishment where it was sold, bought and even stored grain, to help the neighbors and farmers in times of scarcity, It was Built in Granada south of the Alhambra in the Nasrid dynasty about the fourteenth century, and was used as an inn for merchants in transit, warehouse and wholesale market.
Other Places to visit in Granada with AutoSexi Transfers
District of the Albaicín: it is one of the historical districts of the city of Granada, it is the Arab neighborhood par excellence and the oldest of the city as the rest of the city, mainly consists of one or two floors as maximum height, in front of the Alhambra. In this neighborhood we can find the best viewpoints (San Nicolas, San Cristobal and San Miguel Alto, which can be reached by car) with spectacular panoramic views to the Alhambra and Sierra Nevada.
Elvira Street, here you feel as if you really were in an Arabic country as all the facilities in both restaurants and tearooms and shops, are adapted as if it were still the medieval under Muslim domination. In addition, this neighborhood is full of historical sites such as the Puerta de Elvira, the Palace of the Cordova, and the Palace of the forgotten, the Carmen de la Victoria, and Impossible To go to Granada and not visit this neighborhood.
The Sacromonte neighborhood: this is a neighborhood of the city, next to the backs of the Alhambra. It is bordered by the neighborhoods of Albaicin, San Pedro, Realejo-San Matías, The fargue and Haza Grande. It is located in the valley of Valparaiso on the banks of the River Darro, which is the one that takes to the Alhambra and the Generalife Gardens of water. It is a natural site near composed of Mediterranean forest and Ribera, with views to Sierra Nevada and the Llano de la Perdiz.
This historic neighborhood is an idyllic place, and where in the 16th century were found several relics, including the tomb of San Cecilio and plumbeos books, by what was built the Sacromonte Abbey, where at the present time are preserved all these findings in addition to a series of works of art of incalculable value. Also this historic neighborhood is the traditional gypsy suburb of Granada. The poet Federico García Lorca dedicated his book “The Romancero Gitano” where their customs and way of being are perfectly portrayed.
Features of this neighborhood the caves which are used as dwellings even as establishments, enlivened by the flamenco music, there are many legends about the appearance of these caves and treasures stored in the same, because, according to the most popular of these legends when Muslims and Jews were expelled from Granada by the Catholic Kings, those left buried all their treasures in the mountains of this neighborhood, as they were hoping to return some day. Knowing that they could find these treasures other freed slaves, dug to find the treasures, but without any success, and how did not have where to sleep the excavations were used as shelters.
Realejo neighborhood: is a neighborhood of the city, located on the southeast side of the Alhambra, forming the old town together with the districts in the Albaicín and Sacromonte districts. Jewish suburb of the Muslim era, and that when the Catholic kings took over the city, he was appointed as Realejo, to install a military camp, even today is located in this neighborhood the Captaincy General, and the home of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, the Great Captain, chief of the army of the Catholic Kings. In addition there are several churches from different eras such as San Cecilio or Santo Domingo, as well as some similarly historic buildings such as the house of the Great Captain, Captain General already named and the museum in the house of the shots, as well as the Carmen de Conchita Barrecheguren.
Federico Garcia Lorca Park: This is a park opened at the beginning of the 1990s between the center and the Vega of Granada, around the house, the Huerta de San Vicente, which belonged to the family of the poet of the generation Of the 27, Federico García Lorca (1898-1936), in addition to the guided tours of the museum house of the era in which it is still the artist’s own manuscripts, there are two bars, an extensive vegetation in countless gardens, a lake in the anatidaes live birds, carps and turtles, swings for the little ones, ideal to spend a good evening with the little ones. In addition during the summer months you can enjoy concerts, cycles of outdoor cinema, puppet theaters, etc…
Science Park: it is an interactive museum, unique in Andalucia, in the neighborhood of the center of Granada, inaugurated in 1995, with a series of pavilions in which there are several permanent exhibitions and other possible. With a huge Butterfly Garden, an Observatory, virtual Planetarium, shows with birds of prey and a myriad of science by discovering interactive experiments. One of the emblems the observation tower 50 meters high with a terrace oriented to the peak of the Mulhacen (highest mountain in the Iberian Peninsula with 3,978 meters above the sea level, located in the Sierra Nevada), so it is a good place to see Granada and various experiences related to the seismic movements of the place.
Carmen of the Martyrs: this is located in the environment of the Alhambra, South of its walled town in the beginning of the Realejo neighborhood, this is a complex with something more than seven hectares of surface Called by the Christians the Corral of the captives, in memory of the captive Christians who remained in the Arab States and dungeons, then with its current name Field of the Martyrs.
In his plot was built the first Christian Church by order of Isabella I of Castile, The Catholic Queen. Currently the complex of the house, the sources and the rest of the plot are romantic-style gardens, mixture of English and French gardens, highly recommended to visit, where they recorded the video for the song of the Grenadian artist Miguel Rios “I Go Back to Granada”. Declared Artistic Garden in 1943, and it belongs after the donation of his last owner to the municipality of Granada, and after a time unfortunate in which was on the verge of disappearing, restores the Private Mansion and part of the gardens, now being place for walking, weddings and receptions, with free entry and from where there are excellent views of the city, la Vega and of course of the impressive Sierra Nevada.
The Castle of Santa Elena: popularly known as the Chair of the Moro, is a construction built in the defensive net of Granada, linked to the Alhambra, the Generalife and the Arab palaces Dar al-Arusha and Alijares. The building underwent a number of reforms throughout the centuries, the most important developments in this place in the first place just after the reconquest of the city by the Catholic Kings, and during the war of Independence against Napoleon’s troops, which made it explode your flight, throughout the twentieth century has been reconstructed. Thanks to its privileged enclave today has become a viewpoint, little known, but with magnificent views of the Alhambra, the city of Granada and its historic neighborhoods of the Albaicin and Sacromonte, as well as to all in the Vega of Granada until even on a clear day you can see from there the Castle of Moclin.
Other places of cultural interest in the city of Granada:
- Royal hospital.
- Park of Triumph.
- Arco de Elvira.
- Bib-Rambla Square.
- Walk In The Living Room.
- Church of Saint John of God.
- Church of Nuestra Señora de las Angustias (patron saint of Granada).
- Palacio de la Madraza.